TRA Hitachi TEMU1000

The Hitachi TEMU1000 is operated by the Taiwan Railway Administration as the Taroko Express in Eastern Taiwan. It is Taiwan’s first tilting EMU, with a design based on the Series 885 operated by JR Kyūshū. The TEMU1000 has been in service on Taiwan’s existing narrow gauge (1,067 mm or 3.5 ft.) railway network since 2007.



The TEMU1000 utilises active-tilting technology. It tilts up to 5 degrees and can negotiate curves 25 km/h (16 mph) faster than existing trains in Taiwan without compromising passenger comfort. The body of the TEMU1000 is constructed with aluminum alloy and each car only weighs around 38 tonnes (42 short tons, based on the Series 885).


Standard consist of the TEMU1000 is 4M4T (4 motor cars and 4 trailer cars, arranged in T-M-T-M-M-T-M-T, with two pantographs mounted on top of cars 3 and 6) with a maximum power output of 3,040 kW (4,075 hp). The train is designed to have a maximum speed of 150 km/h (93 mph) but only reaches 130 km/h (81 mph) in scheduled service. Starting acceleration of the TEMU1000 is 2.2 km/h/s or 1.37 mph/s and it has an average acceleration of 2.38 km/h/s or 1.48 mph/s up to its maximum designed speed. This means that it only takes the TEMU1000 63 seconds accelerate from 0 to 150 km/h or 93 mph.

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